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Before your cargo can take to the skies as air freight, there are many mandatory customs formalities to be observed. All exports and imports of commercial goods require a series of documents to accompany them.
A bill of lading is a written statement outlining the nature and quantity of goods to be shipped and the destination of the shipment. You’re unlikely to encounter the word ‘lading’ outside of the shipping industry.
If you’re shipping goods by air or ocean, a certificate of origin is one of the many official documents customs officials are likely to require.
A contract of carriage is a binding agreement between a freight carrier and a shipper. It’s a legal document in which the carrier agrees in writing to transport specified goods from one location to another.
An export declaration form is a shipping document containing information about the goods a shipper wishes to export.
A letter of credit is a legally-binding document frequently used in international trade. Its key purpose is to give sellers/exporters of goods a guarantee that they’ll receive payment for those goods from the buyer.
A letter of indemnity is used in shipping to reassure one party that they will not suffer financial loss if the other party cannot fulfil an agreement, or if the nature of that agreement changes.
A shipper’s letter of instruction gives an exporting shipper the chance to convey vital, specific information about a freight consignment to agencies involved in shipment execution.
Power of Attorney is a legally binding document which assigns legal powers to the freight forwarder on the behalf of an importer/exporter.
Packing lists are used in international trade to provide precise information about the contents of a shipment. The document conveys several important pieces of information.