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Ocean and Air Shipping From Indonesia to Germany

Information and quote from Indonesia to Germany for LCL, FCL and Air shipping

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Indonesia and Germany hold significant geopolitical influence in their respective regions. As the largest economies in Southeast Asia and Europe, the two countries maintain a fruitful relationship with bilateral trade totaling 6.63 billion Euros in 2018.

Maybe you are importing from Indonesia to Germany for the first time, or you have already established a supply chain. In either case, this page will provide you with vital information that will help you to navigate the traditional complexities of ocean and air freight shipping.

How to Ship Ocean Freight From Indonesia to Germany

Warehouse operative in orange pushing a trolley, stacked with boxes, from the Flag of Indonesia towards the flag of Germany

Whatever commodities you plan to import from Indonesia to Germany, sea freight is one sure way to get them there. Each port in Indonesia lies on the South China Sea, an area with the world’s busiest trade lanes, and has, therefore, access to excellent ocean shipping routes.

Unless you are shipping break-bulk material, your carrier will transport your cargo in a shipping container from Indonesia to Germany. When it comes to containerized shipping, you have two options to choose from: FCL and LCL. You will need to know the difference between the two because your choice will influence the transit time and cost of your shipment.

FCL stands for full container load, which means that you pay to ship an entire container from Indonesia to Germany. LCL stands for less than container load, which means that your goods will share space with other shippers’ products in a container. You can find more details about both options below.

Less than Container Load (LCL) From Indonesia to Germany

LCL shipping is often the most economical way to transport your goods from Indonesia to Germany, especially if you don’t have enough freight to justify hiring a full container. Before you choose this mode of transport, consider the following advantages and disadvantages.


  • Keeps cost down when you ship smaller consignments of six standard pallets (equivalent to 14 CBM) or less.
  • You could drop off and pick up your cargo directly from the warehouse, where the containers are stuffed and destuffed.
  • Can speed up your supply chain as you don’t have to wait until you have enough cargo to fill a full container.


  • Your cargo will undergo a fair amount of handling and sit right next to the consignments of other shippers.
  • Not ideal for fragile, delicate, and perishable products due to the extra handling.
  • Transit times are usually longer because of the consolidation and deconsolidation of the container.

Full Container Load (FCL) From Indonesia to Germany

FCL shipping is the most straightforward way to transport ocean freight from Indonesia to Germany if you are looking to ship large quantities. Like LCL, though, this mode of transport comes with certain advantages and disadvantages.


  • Usually the fastest form of ocean shipping because no consolidation or de-consolidation is required.
  • Isolates your goods in a single container for the whole journey from Indonesia to Germany.
  • Less expensive than LCL if you want to transport more than 14 CBM, which amounts to half the load capacity of a 20ft container.


  • You have to pay a flat fee for the entire container no matter how much you put in it.
  • Might restrict your delivery options as not all recipients can receive a full container.

Cargo Ports of Origin in Indonesia


Port Facts:

  • Also called Tanjung Perak.
  • Second-busiest seaport in Indonesia
  • Main port for the eastern part of the island of Java.
  • Accessed via the narrow 40 km long Madura Strait.
  • Center of inter-island shipping within Indonesia.

Owned By: PT Pelabuhan Indonesia II.

Annual Container Volume: >3.8 million TEUs.



Port Facts:

  • Also called Cabang Tanjung Priok.
  • 22nd busiest port in the world in 2019.
  • Handles more than 50% of Indonesia’s transshipment cargo traffic.
  • Capacity of about eight million TEUs per year.
  • Features three container terminals and a 16,800 meter quayside.

Owned By: PT Pelabuhan Indonesia II.

Annual Container Volume: >8 million TEUs.



Port Facts:

  • Also called Tanjung Emas.
  • Constructed in the 19th century by the Dutch colonial government.
  • Third-largest port in Indonesia.
  • A good choice if your supplier is located in one of the coastal regions of northern Java.

Owned By: PT Pelabuhan III Indonesia.

Annual Container Volume: >730,000 TEUs.


Belawan Sumatra

Port Facts:

  • Located on the northeast coast of Sumatra.
  • Indonesia’s busiest seaport outside of Java.
  • Popular port for cruise ships as well as cargo vessels.
  • Built in 1890.

Owned By: Pelni.

Annual Container Volume: >400,000 TEUs.


Cargo Ports of Arrival in Germany


Port Facts:

  • Third-busiest container shipping facility in Europe.
  • Among the 20 busiest ports in the world.
  • Facilities include four container terminals, some 80 or more cranes, and 22 berths.

Owned By: Hamburg Port Authority.

Annual Container Volume: >8.5 million TEUs.



Port Facts:

  • One of the most well-known and busiest ports in Europe.
  • Largest closed container-management area in the world
  • Boasts four container terminals, one of which can process over seven million TEUs of freight.
  • Five-kilometer quayside can provide berths for up to 14 large container vessels.

Owned By: Free Hanseatic City of Bremen.

Annual Container Volume: >5 million TEUs.


Air Freight From Indonesia to Germany

Currently, there are no non-stop flights from Indonesia to Germany in operation. But even with a transfer at another airport, your cargo will reach its destination much quicker with an air carrier than by sea.

However, increased speed comes at certain costs. Read more about the advantages and disadvantages of air shipping below.


  • Short transit times make it the perfect choice for perishable goods.
  • Highest level of security and lower risk.
  • Can be cheaper than LCL if you are sending a small consignment of just a few pallets.
  • Very reliable with regard to the delivery date.


  • Very expensive if you are shipping large quantities.
  • Airlines might be unable to carry bulky or awkwardly shaped cargo.
  • Bad weather can influence transit times negatively, although not as much as in maritime transportation

Airports of Origin in Indonesia


Airport Facts:

  • Officially Soekarno Hatta International Airport (SHIA for short).
  • Located 20 km to the northwest of central Jakarta.
  • Opened a third runway in 2019.
  • Plans for development are in place to boost the cargo-handling capacity further.

German Airports Served: None.

Jakarta to Germany Cargo-Only Operators: None.


Denpasar Bali

Airport Facts:

  • Called Ngurah Rai International Airport.
  • Located 13 km south of the city of Denpasar on the popular island of Bali.
  • Second-busiest airport in Indonesia.
  • Able to accommodate wide-body aircraft.

German Airports Served: None.

Denpasar Bali to Germany Cargo-Only Operators: None.



Airport Facts:

  • Called Juanda International Airport.
  • Located 12 km from Surabaya in Eastern Java.
  • Indonesia’s third-busiest airport.
  • Features a two-story freight terminal.
  • Processes around 120,000 tons of air cargo annually.

German Airports Served: None.

Surabaya to Germany Cargo-Only Operators: None.


Airports of Arrival in Germany


Airport Facts:

  • Busiest airport in Europe for cargo.
  • Two million tons of freight throughput in 2019.
  • More direct flights than any other airport in the world.
  • Features four runways as well as extensive logistics and maintenance facilities.

Connected Airports in Indonesia: None.

Indonesia to Frankfurt Cargo-Only Operators: None.


Customs Clearance Procedures in Indonesia and Germany

Customs clearance is a mandatory part of the process when you export from Indonesia to Germany. Most businesses engage an experienced freight forwarder or agent for this task. The advantage is that you can be certain that everything will be done as per existing laws and regulations—mistakes can be costly.

The first step is submitting the necessary documentation. Usually, authorities look for the following documents:

  • Commercial Invoice
  • Packing List
  • Certificate of Origin
  • Letter of Credit or other payment terms (depends on the contract between the parties involved)
  • Bill of Lading for ocean freight or Airway Bill for air freight (provided by a freight forwarder, like Shipa Freight)

Most of the documents mentioned above will be provided by the exporter (shipper) and the importer of the cargo. Your freight forwarder will send you the Bill of Lading or Airway Bill once available. If you would like to learn more and see concrete examples, then check out our handy documents list.

How Long Does it Take to Ship Cargo From Indonesia to Germany?

Hourglass and a calendar to represent the transit time of shipments with Shipa Freight

Before you can make your final decision for a mode of transport, you will want to know for how long your cargo will be in transit with each option.

Although no direct flights are currently in operation between the two countries, an air freight shipment can be delivered in as little as three days. This includes any customs and security checks, as well as the loading and unloading that your cargo has to undergo. FCL and LCL ocean shipping are considerably slower since thousands of kilometers and several oceans separate Indonesia from Germany. Transit times for sea freight range from 31 to 42 days.

How Long Does It Take to Ship Cargo by Sea From Indonesia to Germany?

Here are a few examples of transit times for routes that Shipa Freight operates between Indonesia and Germany:

  • Jakarta to Hamburg – 31 days FCL
  • Surabaya to Hamburg – 34 days FCL, 29 days LCL
  • Semarang to Bremerhaven – 36 days FCL
  • Belawan Sumatra to Hamburg – 39 days FCL
  • Surabaya to Bremerhaven – 41 days FCL
  • Semarang to Hamburg – 42 days FCL

How Long Does It Take to Ship Cargo by Air From Indonesia to Germany?

Here are a few examples of transit times for typical air freight routes between Indonesia and Germany:

  • Jakarta to Frankfurt – 5 days
  • Denpasar Bali to Frankfurt – 3 days

How Much Does it Cost to Ship Freight From Indonesia to Germany?

Your final shipping cost depends on multiple factors. Freight forwarders will give you a quote based on the following:

  • Nature of goods
  • Chosen mode of transport (FCL, LCL, Air)
  • Weight of the cargo
  • Dimensions of the cargo
  • Distance between origin and destination
  • Delivery terms

You might notice little to no difference between the cost of air freight and LCL ocean freight up to a certain cargo weight. For consignments above 100 kg, ocean freight is typically more economical than flying your goods.

Note that for cargo of 35 kg or less, you will have to engage an international courier service instead of a freight forwarder. Shipa Freight doesn’t ship cargo in this weight bracket.

Why Ship From Indonesia to Germany With Shipa Freight?

Shipa Freight is changing the way freight forwarding is done. We have made importing from Indonesia to Germany easier than ever – no matter your business size or preferred mode of transport.

Thanks to our online platform, you can now manage your entire shipment process and supply chain conveniently in one place. Your logistics needs will be satisfied without the hassle of coordinating multiple agencies.

Here are the benefits that Shipa Freight customers already enjoy:

  • Instant and understandable online quotes.
  • Quick and direct online booking.
  • Transparent shipping documentation.
  • All imports and exports managed and tracked on one platform.
  • 24/7 access to customer service representatives if you require help.
  • Assured compliance with shipping rules and regulations.
  • Assistance with import and export customs clearance.

Want to give Shipa Freight a try? Just fill out the form at the top of this page to get started.

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