Ocean and Air Shipping from the US to Thailand
FCL, LCL and Air freight forwarding: information and online quote
The United States of America is Thailand’s eighth-largest source of imports. Thai companies import a range of commodities from the US, with the majority comprising organic products such as soybeans, cotton, wheat, fruits, and even frozen fish.
Is your business looking into the possibilities of a United States/Thai trade partnership? If so, and the venture requires the shipment of goods from a US supplier, this page will be useful to you. It is our platform to share essential guidance and facts about importing from the US to Thailand.
Unlike many other resources in the public domain, this shipping page does not focus solely on ocean freight. Instead, it offers a balanced view of both ocean and air shipping from the US to Thailand. You’ll find information about ports and airports of origin and arrival, and insights into customs documentation.
There can be no possibility of a US/Thai trading relationship without engaging in ocean and air shipping from the US to Thailand. They are the only two ways to move goods between the two countries.
Which of these methods is right for your business, though? We help you to answer that question by outlining the pros and cons of both modes of international shipping on this page.
Less than Container Load (LCL): LCL is the standard approach to shipping small freight quantities. It involves carriage of your goods by a shipping line in a container from the US to Thailand. Your goods will be consolidated with other shippers' freight into a 20-foot or 40-foot container.
Full Container Load (FCL): FCL shipping gives you flat rate prices for the exclusive use and transportation of a shipping container from the US to Thailand. It doesn't matter whether you fill the container or not; the price remains the same for a full or partial container load.
Air Freight from the US to Thailand
When short transit times are more critical than cost concerns, airport-to-airport cargo services offer your import from the US to Thailand the speed you need. Less than a week is typically required to complete shipments between the US and Thailand. But air freight typically costs considerably more than ocean shipping.
Calculating the cost of any export from the US to Thailand will require the freight forwarder to have answers to the following questions:
- What’s the nature of the freight that needs to be shipped?
- What is the size, weight, and volume of the consignment?
- Has the customer chosen LCL or FCL ocean shipping, or air freight?
- How far must the cargo be transported?
- Does the shipper require door-to-door, port-to-door, port-to-port, or door-to-port delivery?
If you don’t know whether ocean or air freight is the best fit for your needs and budget, you can always ask a freight forwarder to supply quotes for both.
For small shipments (weighing around 100 kilograms), you might find little difference in cost between air and ocean freight. Therefore, the speed advantage might make air cargo the more desirable option. The same is far less likely to be true for large shipments. The cost of shipping substantial freight quantities by air can be several times that of ocean shipping.
Few freight forwarders will handle shipments weighing 35 kg or less, so you should approach international couriers for quotes.
LCL and FCL ocean freight services involve lengthy transit times for shipping between the US and Thailand—anything from four to eight weeks. Actual shipping durations will depend on where in the US your cargo will originate. Sailings from East Coast ports will take considerably longer than those from gateways on the western seaboard.
Air freight, as mentioned elsewhere on this page, is considerably faster, so you can expect a shipment by air to be completed in three to eight days.
How Long Does It Take to Ship Cargo by Sea From the US to Thailand?
The following examples of transit times between US ports and Bangkok are extracted from Shipa Freight’s schedule database, and highlight the long transit time required for ocean shipping:
- From Los Angeles – 38 days
- From New York – 33 days
- From Seattle or Houston – 44 days
- From Philadelphia – 58 days
- From Long Beach - 35 days FCL
- From Atlanta - 41 days FCL
How Long Does It Take to Ship Cargo by Air From the US to Thailand?
Air freight from the US takes between three and eight days to arrive and clear customs in Bangkok, as you will see from the following examples:
- From Philadelphia or Chicago – 5 days
- From Los Angeles – 3 days
- From Atlanta - 4 days
- From New York, Cincinnati, Denver, Seattle, and Houston – 8 days
It would take more than a section of this page to familiarize you entirely with the intricacies of export and import customs clearance. However, if you have some idea of the documents that need to accompany your freight, it will be a step in the right direction.
At the same time, there is no substitute for a freight forwarder with knowledge of your origin and destination countries. By working with such a partner, you can reduce the need for specialized customs clearance expertise within your business—and minimize the chances of delays arising from procedural errors.
Even with a freight forwarder’s assistance, you’ll still be required to complete and file important documentation that must accompany your consignment. The requirements are likely to include:
- A Commercial Invoice
- A Packing List
- A Certificate of Origin
- A Letter of Credit or other payment terms (depends on the contract between the parties involved)
- An Airway Bill for air cargo or a Bill of Lading for ocean freight (you can leave this to Shipa Freight)
A license, permit, or certificate may also be required with your shipment. Your freight forwarder will advise. To take a closer look at samples of the documents listed above, please see this handy documents list page we’ve prepared.
Shipping commercial goods aboard a cargo vessel in a container from the US to Thailand is a slow process. Ocean-going vessels move at an average speed of 35 kilometers per hour. Sea freight shipped from any port on the West Coast of the United States must cross the Pacific Ocean to reach Thailand. Consignments originating in ports on the USA’s southern and eastern seaboards have an even longer journey.
Wherever in the US your cargo begins its journey to Thailand, it will likely ship in a container aboard a cargo vessel. Standard shipping containers are invariably 20ft or 40ft-long and open at one end, suiting most consignments.
Your forwarder will advise you if your commercial goods require a non-standard container, such as one with an open-top or refrigeration. These ocean shipping experts can also help you decide if an LCL or FCL service is best suited to your consignment. You can gain some knowledge about both options now by reading the sections below:
Considerations for LCL Freight Shipping
This could be the best option for your shipment if:
- You only have a small consignment to ship—six standard pallets at most
- Your goods are not urgently required in Thailand
- You’re comfortable with your cargo sharing a container with products from other shippers
- You appreciate that the essential logistics of consolidation and deconsolidation required with LCL shipments can result in a longer shipment time than FCL freight
LCL is best avoided if:
- Your freight is needed in Thailand by a certain date
- Frequent moving or handling of your goods could damage them
- Your consignment contains fragile or perishable goods
- Your cargo is particularly large, awkwardly-shaped, or otherwise unsuitable for transportation in a shared container
Considerations for FCL Freight Shipping
Importing from the US to Thailand using an FCL service could be your best option if:
- Your cargo is needed in Thailand by a specific date
- Your goods cannot share a shipping container with other products for whatever reason
- You want your container sealed at the point of origin, and to remain sealed throughout shipping
- Your consignment is large enough to occupy at least half the capacity of a shipping container
If the slow pace of ocean freight does not meet the demands of your supply chain, air shipping could be your best mode of transport, especially if:
- The speed of a shipment is more important than cost
- Your cargo comprises perishables like plants, flowers, or food
- Your customer in Thailand wants to take delivery of the goods urgently
- You only have a small consignment to send—no larger than three pallets
- Your consignment is high-value, requiring the levels of security employed by airlines and airport operators
- The 11th-busiest port in the United States in 2019
- One of 14 deep-water seaports in the state of Florida
- Nicknamed the Cargo Gateway of the Americas
- The only port in the Southeastern states able to accommodate neo-Panamax container vessels
- The largest of Florida’s container ports
Owned By: Multiple owners.
Annual Container Volume: >700,000 TEUs.
- Situated on the Patapsco River in Maryland
- The largest specialized cargo port in the United States
- The country’s fastest-growing port since 2014
- It’s the 14th-busiest port in the US
Owned By: Maryland Port Administration.
Annual Container Volume: >500,000 TEUs.
- The only deep-water port in the state of Alabama
- A gateway to inland ports in the Great Lakes and the Ohio and Tennessee river valleys
- The port’s container terminals are linked directly to the interstate road network
- It’s the US’s 19th-busiest port
Owned By: Alabama State Port Authority.
Annual Container Volume: >170,000 TEUs.
- Ideal port of departure for exports from the Northwest United States and Alaska
- Ranked 41st in the world for container-port throughput
- The eighth-busiest port in the United States
- Operates state-of-the-art container facilities
- Four container terminals are available for processing exports to Thailand
Owned By: Port of Tacoma Commission.
Annual Container Volume: >3.7 million TEUs.
- The second-largest cargo port on the US east coast
- Four neo-Panamax cranes were added to the facilities in 2017, with six more due in 2020
- 35th-busiest container port in the world
- Houses the largest single-terminal container facility in the US
- It’s the fourth-busiest of all US seaports
Owned By: Georgia Ports Authority.
Annual Container Volume: >4.3 million TEUs.
Other Departure Ports in the United States
Other ports from which you can send your goods for import from the US to Thailand include:
- San Francisco
- New York
- New Orleans
- Long Beach
- Los Angeles
- Port Everglades
Cargo Ports of Arrival in Thailand
- Constructed in the 1990s as an overflow for Bangkok Port
- Located 25 kilometers to the north of Pattaya
- The largest port in Thailand
- Laem Chabang is among the 20 busiest container ports in the world
- Houses seven container terminals
Owned By: Hutchison Laem Chabang International Terminal Ltd.
Annual Container Volume: >7.5 million TEUs.
- One of the top-100 container ports in the world
- Situated on the banks of the Chao Phraya River
- Connected to Bangkok City by fast road and rail links
Owned By: Port Authority of Thailand.
Annual Container Volume: >1.5 million TEUs.
Airports of Origin in the US
- Serves the state of Colorado and surrounding areas
- Situated 40 kilometers from the center of Denver’s city perimeter
- The largest airport in North America
- Annual freight throughput exceeds 230,000 tonnes
- No direct flights from Denver to Thailand
Thailand Airports Served: None.
Denver to Thailand Cargo-Only Operators: None.
IATA Code: DEN.
- Combined civil and military air transport facility
- Situated just eight kilometers from the city of Charlotte
- Has a cargo terminal located adjacent to the runway
- No direct flights from Charlotte to Thailand
Thailand Airports Served: None.
Charlotte to Thailand Cargo-Only Operators: None.
IATA Code: CLT.
- A critical air-cargo gateway linking the US with Asia
- Located 21 kilometers south of San Francisco
- Handled more than half a million tonnes of cargo in 2018
- Boasts a cargo facility covering more than 100,000 square meters
- No direct flights from San Francisco to Thailand
Thailand Airports Served: None.
San Francisco to Thailand Cargo-Only Operators: None.
IATA Code: SFO.
- Located seven kilometers from the city of Philadelphia
- Ideally situated for air-freight exports from the USA’s eastern seaboard
- The airport is within one day's driving from more than half the United States' population
- No direct flights from Philadelphia to Thailand
Thailand Airports Served: None.
Philadelphia to Thailand Cargo-Only Operators: None.
IATA Code: PHL.
- Any location in the US can be reached within four hours by plane from Dallas/Fort Worth Airport
- The central hub for the USA's national flag carrier, American Airlines
- Flights serve the airport from more than 190 US cities
- Freight throughput is approaching 2,000 tonnes per day
- No direct flights from DFW to Thailand
Thailand Airports Served: None.
Dallas/Fort Worth to Thailand Cargo-Only Operators: None.
IATA Code: DFW.
Other Airports in the US
Due to the vast distances between the US and Bangkok, there are currently no direct cargo or passenger flights available. Nevertheless, your freight forwarder can still move your exports quickly, using connecting flights, from many US cities, including those mentioned above, and those in the following list:
- New York
- El Paso
- San Diego
- Los Angeles
Airport of Arrival in Thailand
- Handles three million tonnes of air freight annually
- Connected to Bangkok City and other areas of Thailand by efficient road and rail links
- One of the largest international airports in Southeast Asia
- Covers an area of 3,240 hectares
Connected Airports in the US: None.
US to Bangkok Cargo-Only Operators: None.
IATA Code: BKK
Shipa Freight’s digital forwarding platform offers all the advantages of traditional freight forwarders. The difference, though, is in the additional benefits that only a digital-first, online freight forwarder can provide.
You can receive quotes online in a fraction of the time taken for traditional forwarders to provide them.
You can compare air and ocean freight quotes, and, once decided on your preferred mode of shipping, turn the most favorable quote into a booking instantly.
Quotations, bookings, payment, and real-time freight tracking are all at your fingertips. At the same time, a dedicated customer service team is always on hand (24/7) when you need a little human assistance.
You get access to our global network of logistics and customs specialists. Our experts are ready to help you select, execute, and manage your carrier transactions, and to help you through the complex business of customs clearance.
Shipping documentation is simplified, too. Our integrated compliance engine helps you identify and complete the specific documents required, based on your cargo, transportation mode, and protocols of the US and Thai customs authorities.
- What Are Your Options for Shipping Freight From the US to Thailand?
- Ocean Freight From the US to Thailand
- How Much Does it Cost to Ship Cargo From the US to Thailand?
- How Long Does it Take to Ship Cargo From the US to Thailand?
- Customs Clearance in the US and Thailand
- Should You Choose Ocean Freight or Air Freight?
- Ocean Cargo Port Guide
- Flying Your Freight: Airport Guide
- Ocean and Air Shipping From the US to Thailand: Why Shipa Freight?
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